Tag Archives: Evolution

Book Review – Creation & The Patriarchal Histories

Orthodox Christian Reflections on the Book of Genesis

Author: Fr Patrick H. Reardon

Publisher: Conciliar Press (2008)

The intention of this particular book is not to serve as a purely exegetical work on Scripture in the traditional sense, but to serve as an accompaniment to the Scriptures. It does not aim to spoon feed the reader, but rather to help the reader to contemplate certain themes raised within Scriptural narrative. Thus the objective is not to tease out the multiple and infinite meanings that Scripture has, by dissecting and analysing every word under a microscope and then being diverted onto other ends and missing some crucial teachings or inspiration.

There are those who term such a presentation as narrative criticism, narrational analysis, or bringing things into perspective. Whatever you wish to call the book does not restrict you from drawing your own strength and inspiration from the text, but encourages you to meditate on its themes and in its own manner also exhorts you to read exegesies by Church Fathers and go and read Scripture carefully.

This particular book is part of an excellent series of works by Fr Patrick H. Reardon who to my knowledge serves as priest at All Saints Antiochian Orthodox Parish in Chicago, and had previously been an Episcopal minister and lecturer at a prominent Protestant Theological College in America. However his writings avoid falling into the trap that so many modern day Biblical scholars fall into, by observing the Scriptures as purely a man-made work or feeding dry, spiritless teachings which neither speak to the mind or the heart, but are nothing more than mental gymnastics and amusements devoid of genuine substance or content.

Instead Fr Patrick provides a balanced spiritual presentation with scholastic insight which remains firmly grounded in the ecclesial mindset. In this particular book he delves into the themes of the Book of Genesis with its particular focus on Creation, humanity’s role within that frame of reference and the appearance of the Old Testament Patriarchs and their role within God’s covenant of Creation. If any draw backs were to be cited with this book or the other works authored by Fr Patrick, some might say his introduction/foreword were a bit tiresome. This is because Fr Patrick begins engaging in a discussion which has not found a sound forum within Australia which pertains to questions over evolutionary theory.

Firstly we should cite that Fr Patrick is not an evolutionist, but he raises the questions posed by it within his introduction, particularly questions of intelligent design which regretfully here in Australia has been grossly misrepresented and subsequently misunderstood. From an Orthodox perspective as well as that of science, a theory is not a conclusive fact until it is tested, measured, observed and verified. Furthermore there are many different interpretations to evolutionary theory, not solely the Darwinian perspective, as the eminent Professor Ted Steele can attest having been chased out of Britain by Darwinists in the late 1970s for advocating the Larmarchian Theory of Evolution.

Nevertheless to give a basic overview to what intelligent design is, when Fr Patrick makes references to the debates within America, is that it does not advocate nor disprove the possibility of a Creator behind the formation of our present world, rather it observes carefully the complicated patterns by which life-forms have developed means to survive and perpetuate themselves. The theory seeks to focus on those things which can be measured and verified, and in this way arrive at some sort of conclusion, rather than make simple observations and test to theorise. For it maintains no “real” theory, at the most it simply asserts that chance and coincidence cannot be the driving forces behind evolution, thus challenging again the Darwinian view but possibly affirming a Larmarchian model.

In any case, I did not have a problem with Fr Patrick’s introduction, but if you cannot be bothered by it then do not be diverted from it because that is not what the book is about, and I would highly recommend it, as well as his other works for reading, like:

Christ in the Psalms – This book looks at Psalmic references to the Messiah and where one can observe typological links with Christ.

Christ in His Saints – This book looks at the various Old Testament figures like the patriarchs, prophets gentiles and so forth who became sanctified and even make reference to the Messiah’s coming, but also demonstrate the road towards salvation, and what is the role of a saint and thus their importance for us.

Wise Lives – Is a reflection on the Wisdom of Sirach

The Trial of Job – Looks at the Book of Job and the fundamental meanings that the Church and Orthodox Christians have often drawn upon.

Chronicles of History and Worship – Looks at the Book of Chronicles as a meaningful book with spiritual and ethical meaning for us today, and is not a dry collection of historical narrative as some may feel.

Reviewed by V. M.

3 Comments

Filed under BOOK REVIEWS